What are the Different Sources of Finance

The business has many options for raising capital. One must carefully analyze each source’s unique features to select the best available method of obtaining funds.

There are only so many best sources of funding for some organizations. Depending on the circumstance, goal, expense, and risk involved, the sources of finance that suit best will be employed.

A business can only function if it has adequate funding. The initial investment portfolio made by the entrepreneur might only sometimes be sufficient to cover all of the business’s financial requirements.

A business person must therefore look for various sources of finance to meet his need for money. Therefore, managing a business organization requires having explicit knowledge of the financial necessities and identifying the sources of finance that suit them. This article will talk about what are the different sources of finance.

List of Different Sources of Finance

If you are wondering what are the different sources of finance, here we are explaining to you various sources:

1. Retained Income

While discussing what are the different sources of finance, the first thing is your saved income. A business usually does not allocate all of its profits to its shareholders as dividends. The company may keep a portion of the net income for use in the future. These are referred to as retained earnings. It serves as a means of internal funding, self-financing, or profit-sharing.

The profit that can be reinvested in a company depends on several variables, including net profits, the dividend policy, and the company’s age. It is considered the safest among the various sources of finance as the money invested is all yours.

2. Exchange Credit

Trade credit is money one business gives another to pay for goods and services. Trade credit makes it easier to buy goods without making an immediate payment. Such credit appears as “sundry creditors” or “accounts payable” in the purchaser of goods’ records. Commercial organizations frequently use trade credit as a source of finance for the short term. Comparative there are better options than this one.

3. Purchasing a Lease

A lease is a legally binding agreement under which the landlord of an asset grants the tenant the right to utilize the resource in return for a fixed monthly payment. In other words, it is the temporary rental of a piece of property.

The party using the assets is referred to as the “lessee,” while the party owning the assets is referred to as the “lessor.” The lessee gives the lessor a fixed monthly sum recognized as lease rental in exchange for using the asset.

The lease arrangements’ terms and conditions are contained in the lease contract. The lease agreement’s expiration will result in the asset being returned to its owner. The firm’s modernization and diversification depend heavily on lease financing.

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4. Public Deposits

Public deposits are sums of money that organizations collect from the general public. The interest rates are frequently higher than bank deposit interest rates. Anyone who wishes to donate money to an organization may do so by completing the appropriate form.

The organization provides an official deposit receipt as payment confirmation in exchange. Public deposits can cover a company’s short- and medium-term financial needs. The benefits of deposits extend to the organization as well as the depositor. Even though depositors earn more interest than banks do,

the cost of reserves to the company is less than the price of borrowing from financial institutions. For up to three years, companies frequently seek public deposits. The Indian Reserve Bank governs public deposit acceptance.

5. Business Banks

When it comes to what are the different sources of finance, business banks play a very significant role. Commercial banks are crucial in providing funding for various objectives and time frames. Besides cash credits, overdrafts, borrowings, bill discounting, and the issuance of credit facilities, banks also lend money to businesses in other ways. The bank, the type, the size, and the loan length all affect the interest rate charged on these credits.


In India, the startup wave is coming, and every person in the house is ready with a business idea. Different sources of finance are required to cater to their needs, which are mentioned above. Remember the sources of finance, which funds also give you a lot of responsibilities because every source of finance wants their money to grow if they invest it in your business. We hope you know what are the different sources of finance.


Q1. What are the different sources of finance available to a business?

Ans. A business can obtain funding from various sources of finance, but each of them can be divided into two:

  • Internal (capital, retained earnings)
  • External (term lending, debentures).
Q2. Is trade credit a reliable long-term source among various sources of finance?

Trade credit is a short-term source of funding compared to other sources of finance.